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Sixties Television
Sixties Television
   


Sixties Television
Pre-1960 Television Industry Events
Sixties Television
Television Industry Events & Trivia 1960 to 1969
Sixties Television
Television Stations and Services 1955 to 1969
Sixties Television
Some Classic 'Missing' Series and Episodes

Sixties Television



Sixties Television       Television Industry Events from BBC 1929 to ITA 1958

1929
John Logie Baird was allowed to use one of BBC radio's main transmitters to make a demonstration transmission for BBC engineers.

1931
Experimental programmes were transmitted using a 30-line system.

22nd August 1932
The BBC decided to set up its own TV studio in Broadcasting House.

January 1935
A government committee recommended the immediate introduction of a public television service.

26th August to 5th September 1936
Closed circuit transmissions were demonstrated at the Radiolympia exhibition using the Baird 240-line and Marconi EMI 405-line systems. The Baird system was subsequently destroyed by fire which ultimately led the Postmaster General to later opt for the Marconi EMI system, using 50 frames/second.

2nd November 1936
The BBC, the world's first high-definition transmission service, was officially launched from a small studio at Alexandra Palace although only 300 receivers were available to pick up transmissions.

1937
The BBC acquired its first mobile unit for outside broadcasts. Three cameras were used to film King George VI's coronation.

28th March 1938
BBC TV's principle of Sunday night television drama was established by Cecil Madden. The first programme featured Pirandello's Henry IV.

November 1938
Freak weather conditions allowed British TV signals to be received in New York, the first transatlantic TV transmission, albeit unplanned.

Friday 1st September 1939
BBC transmissions were halted for security reasons. 11,000 receivers were now available to view the last programme,
Disney's 'Mickey's Gala Premiere'

Friday 7th June 1946
The Earl of Listowel, Postmaster General, re-opened the BBC TV service at 3p.m. One of the programmes shown was the cartoon that was interrupted in 1939. The transmission range was about a 40-mile radius from Alexandra Palace using 405-lines, 50 frames/second interlaced. One of the most successful pre-war and early post-war programmes was 'Picture Page', a one-hour programme twice weekly, covering various subjects with studio guests, presented by 'The Switchboard Girl' Canadian Joan Miller, and later Joan Gilbert.

15th September 1946
The first televised church service was broadcast from St.George's Chapel, Windsor.

1948
At the start of the year TV licences issued had risen to 54,000, to reach 61,000 by August and over 90,000 by late 1949.
The BBC established a Broadcasting Centre in the building that had been the Palace of Arts in the 1924 British Empire exhibition in order to be closer to the Olympic Games at Wembley and a special television cable was laid to the stadium.

 

1949
The standardisation of the 405-line system was announced by the Postmaster General.
The BBC bought Lime Grove studios from Gaumont-British.
The LCC approved plans for a new Television Centre at White City.
In the Autumn the first regional transmitter opened in Sutton Coldfield to service Midlands viewers.

March 1952

Combined sound and television licence issues had risen to 1,457,000 and was to top 2.1 million twelve months later as many Brits purchased televisions in anticipation of the Coronation. It is estimated that 56% of the adult population watched the Coronation on television. A 14" Bush television set sold for about 84 gns.

May 1952
The BBC carried out tests on the feasibility of a schools television service.

8th July 1952
Television programmes from France were transmitted by the BBC, the first time foreign TV standards had been converted for use.

1953
The first broadcast was made from a ship at sea.
The BBC decided to replace the Alexandra Palace transmitter with a more powerful unit sited at Crystal Palace.
Part of the White City complex began to be used.

1954
Early in the year the Conservative government introduced a bill to allow the introduction of independent television companies which led to the formation of the National Television Council and the Popular Television Association, the NTC being opposed to commercial television broadcasts.

15th June 1954
Thorn Electrical and Sylvania Electric Products Inc announced plans to set up a UK company to develop colour television.

5th July 1954
The BBC news was first broadcast at 7:30p.m. presented off-screen by Richard Baker. Also during the month the Television Bill became law

1955
In 1955 Somerset Plantagenet Fry,
an Oxford postgraduate, became the first contestant on the quiz show Double Your Money's 'Treasure Trail'

22nd September 1955
The ITA started an inaugural service from Norwood. ITV officially opened at 7:15 p.m. when a dinner to celebrate the occasion was televised from The Guildhall, London. The transmission also included the first TV commercial - for Gibbs SR toothpaste - at 8:12 p.m. and the first TV news at 10 p.m. read by Chris Chataway.

3rd November 1956
The ITA transmitter at Emley Moor, Huddersfield, opened

1958
In 1958 Granada covered the Rochdale by-election, the first election to be shown on British television.




Sixties Television

Sixties Television       Television Stations and Services 1955 to 1969

In 1955 the ITA announced the formation of ITN (Independent Television News) to supply news broadcasts for all independent television stations

Sixties Television


DATE

SERVICE

AREA

NAME

OPERATORS / NOTES

September 22nd 1955

AR

Weekdays London

Associated Rediffusion

Broadcast Relay Services and Associated Newspapers

September 24th 1955

ATV

Weekends London

Associated Television

Associated Broadcast Development Company

February 17th 1956 

ATV 

Weekdays Midlands 

Associated Television 

Associated Broadcast Development Company

February 18th 1956

ABC

Weekends Midlands

ABC Television

Associated British Picture Corporation

May 3rd 1956

GRANADA

Weekdays NorthWest

Granada Television

Granada Theatres Limited

May 5th 1956

ABC

Weekends North

ABC Television

Associated British Picture Corporation

August 31st 1957

SCOTTISH

Central Scotland

Scottish Television

Start 

January 14th 1958

TWW

South Wales and West

Television Wales and West

Start 

August 30th 1958

SOUTHERN

South of England

Southern Television

Start 

January 15th 1959

TT TV

North East

Tyne Tees Television

News Chronicle, Sidney Box, George and Alfred Black

October 27th 1959

ANGLIA

East of England

Anglia Television

Start  

October 31st 1959

ULSTER

Northern Ireland

Ulster Television

 

June 29th 1960

BBC

National

British Broadcasting Corporation

BBC Television Centre opens in West London

April 29th 1961

WESTWARD

South West

Westward Television

Start  

June 6th 1961 (Tuesday) In the U.K. the commercial television franchise for north and west Wales was awarded to Teledu Cymru, the Wales Television Association, and would go on the air on September 14th, 1962. It failed in less than three years.

September 1st 1961

BORDER

Scottish Borders

Border Television

Start  

September 30th 1961

GRAMPIAN

North Scotland

Grampian Television

Start 

September 1st 1962

CHANNEL

Channel Islands

Channel Television

Start  

September 14th 1962

WALES WEST AND NORTH

West and North Wales

Wales West And North

Start  

April 21st 1964

BBC2

London Area

British Broadcasting Corporation

Broadcasting on 625 lines, BBC became BBC1 

March 26th 1965

WESTWARD

Isle of Man

Westward Television

Start  


Sixties Television

During 1966, in order to make division of the London franchise area more equal, the weekend franchise company was permitted to take over transmissions at 7p.m. on Friday evenings instead of the previously contracted Saturday mornings.


In Spring/Summer 1967 the ITA invited applications for new 6-year contracts to be awarded to independent stations starting in July 1968. There were a total of 36 applications from 16 new groups and the 14 current holders. ITA chairman Lord Hill announced the winners in June after which he was controversially moved to the chairmanship of the BBC by Prime Minister Harold Wilson. He was succeeded at the ITA by Lord Aylestone.

Sixties Television


December 2nd 1967

BBC2

National

British Broadcasting Corporation

Broadcasting in colour - official start date. Limited transmission since 1st July

March 4th 1968

HTV

South Wales and West

Harlech Television

Harlech consortium took over contract from TWW

July 29th 1968

YTV

North Central England

Yorkshire Television

Telefusion Yorkshire took over contract from ABC

July 29th 1968

THAMES

Weekdays London

Thames Television

Amalgamation of Associated Rediffusion and ABC

July 29th 1968

ATV

Full Week Midlands

Associated Television

Took over contract from ABC

August 2nd 1968

LWT

Weekends London

London Weekend Television

London Television Consortium took over contract from ATV









Sixties Television       Miscellaneous Sixties Television Industry Events and Trivia


1960

Ampex shared VTR patents with Sony, who reciprocated with information on transistorised circuitry.

7th March
The first rules governing violence on British television were issued to the BBC by Controller of Programmes Kenneth Adam.

26th March BBC Television Service televises the Grand National for the first time

19th June Nan Winton becomes the BBC's first national female newsreader

29th June
BBC Television Centre opens - the first broadcast is from Studio 3

13th July The Pilkington Report was set up to consider the future of radio and television broadcasting

12th August NASA launched the first successful communications satellite, Echo 1, a 100ft tall silver balloon

In September 1960 the maximum time for commercials in any one hour was reduced to seven and a half minutes in September, and seven minutes on Christmas Eve. The number of internal breaks was also reduced - previously an hour long programme had three breaks, now only two were permitted. The television companies made sure they didn't lose out as they raised the price of their ad time slots to compensate.

19th September Television for Schools begins

8th October The BBC Television Service is officially renamed as BBC TV

9th December The first episode of Coronation Street was broadcast. Writer Tony Warren originally called it 'Florizel Street' and it almost became 'Jubilee Street'

1961

In 1961 a Daily Express poll asked 1450 housewives what they did during commercial breaks: 30% did knitting / sewing / darning, 23% continued watching the TV, 19% did household chores, 13% did cooking, 8% looked after the children, 7% ate during the break.

JVC (founded as the American-owned Victor Co. of Japan in 1946 but owned by Matsushita since 1953) demonstrated helical scan colour VTR with 2 heads.

Sony marketed helical scan VTR - the PV100 - adopted by American Airlines in 1964 for in-flight movies.

Television advertising duty was imposed for the first time.

Border TV and Grampian TV came into operation.

18th March The Avengers were first shown on television starring Ian Hendry and Patrick Macnee. Honor Blackman's Cathy Gale replaced Ian Hendry in 1962. 83 episodes were made, 57 in colour.

14th April The first live broadcast from Russia is seen (Yuri Gagarin's welcome)

3rd May The first fully-networked Coronation Street was shown

27th May The first Saturday morning of adult further education programmes was transmitted by the BBC

29th May The first interview of a member of the royal family was shown on BBC1's Panorama in which the Duke of Edinburgh was interviewed by Richard Dimbleby

22nd August - 2nd September The first demos of live colour television to the public were seen at the Earl's Court Radio Show

1962

Channel TV started broadcasting.

4th January The 'Steptoe & Son' sit-com begins

3rd May The first transmission via satellite between earth stations was made by the U.S. Air Force, using Echo 1, between California and Massachusetts

27th June The Pilkington Report was published, recommending the introduction of colour television licences and that Britain's third national television channel should be awarded to the BBC. It also criticised the populism of ITV by attacking its American programming content such as Westerns and crime series and recommended that the BBC should create local radio stations in order to prevent the introduction of commercial radio.

30th June Police 5 began, devised by ATV to fill a five minute gap in programming

1st July The BBC's royal charter was extended to 29th July 1964

11th July The first transatlantic satellite transmission was made at 1 a.m. when an image of ATT chairman Frederick R.Kappel was sent from Andover, Maine to Pleumeur Bodou, France, via Telstar 1 which could only be used for 18 minutes during each 2.5 hour orbit

16th July The first transmission of colour television pictures was made via Telstar

23rd July The first 'live' broadcast was made via Telstar 1

22nd August - 1st September BBC 625-line pictures are demonstrated at the Earl's Court Radio Show

17th October The Beatles' first TV appearance was on 'People And Places', a Granada regional news magazine programme

1963

The new Television Act was introduced with the ITA code for programme makers giving guidance on rules for portrayal of violence and on general standards and practice. The Authority got stronger powers over programme schedules, advertising content and timing.

'AdMags' such as Jimmy Hanley's 'Jim's Inn' were barred from television. 'Jim's Inn' first appeared in spring 1957 and ran for 300 editions. It relied on a strong and believable story line, recognisable characters and the warm personality of the landlord. Wide ranges of products, from the familiar to the outlandish were skilfully woven together each week.

The first real pop music used in commercials when cartoon Beatles launched Nestle's Jellimallo bar. The Rolling Stones did backing music for Rice Krispies in a cartoon parody of Juke Box Jury and Cliff, Craig Douglas, Acker Bilk and Lonnie Donegan all featured in a 'live action' commercial for Quaker Puffed Wheat - 'A swinging way to start the day' - voiced over by D.J. Brian Matthew.

Sony marketed the first 'home' VTR in the USA for $995, with an open reel 1/2inch helical scan deck.

16th May The transmission made to cover the launch and recovery of Gordon Cooper's spaceshot was the first to use two satellites simultaneously, Telstar 1 and Telstar 2, and the Faith 7 craft transmitted the first TV pictures from space.

24th June The first British domestic television recorder, TELCAN, was demonstrated at Alexandra Palace. Part of the 9 o'clock news programme was recorded and re-transmitted on the same programme.

26th July Syncom was launched, the first geo-synchronous satellite. Syncom 2 was launched later in the year, carrying the first live two-way call between heads of state. Syncom 3 carried live TV coverage of the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games.

30th September A globe was used as the BBC Television Service's logo for the first time

1st October The BBC receives full benefit of the 4 combined licence as the government relinquished its 1 duty

23rd November The first broadcast of 'Doctor Who'

 
1964

The Sony helical scan open deck VTR PV100 was adopted by American Airlines for in-flight movies.

Ampex joined with Toshiba to market U.S.-designed VTRs in Japan.

Instant replay was first used by the BBC for The Grand National.

Valerie Martin was the first winner of the 'Miss TV Times' competition.

The first (and only) ITV company to fail, Wales West and North (WWN), was taken over by Television Wales and West (TWW).

A new Television Act included a code of advertising standards and combined the 1954 and 1963 Acts.

Mary Whitehouse established the Clean Up TV campaign, later the National Viewers and Listeners Association (NVLA) and now Mediawatch-UK.

1st January Top Of The Pops began, produced by Johnnie Stewart and featuring Dusty Springfield, The Rolling Stones, The Dave Clark Five, The Hollies and The Swinging Blue Jeans

20th April The planned opening night of BBC2 was wrecked by a power failure that tipped half of London into chaos and took down Television Centre

21st April BBC2 started broadcasting (on 625 lines) from Crystal Palace. It was originally planned to broadcast the previous day but a major power failure foiled that plan. The existing BBC TV channel was renamed BBC1.

30th July The BBC royal charter was renewed for 12 years

22nd August
First broadcast of 'Match of the Day'

December 1964 ITV introduced their 'Code of Violence'

1965

Sony introduced the first consumer 1/2inch format helical scan VTR priced under $3000.

2nd January Saw the first transmission of 'World Of Sport'.

24th March Transmission of TV pictures from the moon received as Ranger 9 impacts with the surface.

6th April Early Bird - Intelsat 1 was launched, the first commercial communications satellite. Built by the Hughes Aircraft Company it supported 240 telephone lines or one television channel. Designed for an 18 month lifespan, it lasted for 3.5 years.

2nd May The first transatlantic television programme was transmitted via Early Bird. Called 'Out Of This World' it contained elements supplied by many different countries.

17th May The first transatlantic colour television programme was transmitted via Early Bird, a 30 minute show primarily for U.S. viewers called 'A New Look At Olde England'.

30th May - 17th June The first sport was transmitted via satellite when the BBC showed world championship football from Chile via Telstar.

1st August All cigarette commercials were banned from television resulting in an 8 million pound loss of revenue for ITV

1st August The broadcast receiving licence for radio was increased to 1.5shillings. The combined TV / radio licence was increased to 5.

20th December The Belmont transmission mast, near Donington, opened, thought to be the highest construction of its kind in the world. It was a tubular pipe 900ft long by 9ft in diameter, surmounted by a 365ft lattice upper section. In September 1967 meteorological equipment was added, raising its height to 1,272ft (388m).

1966

Ampex sued Sony over the use of helical scan technology. A proposal that TV cameras be experimentally allowed into the House Of Commons was defeated by just one vote. Nevertheless........

21st April TV cameras were allowed into the House of Commons for the first time

1967

Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor were members of the consortium that started up HTV.

LWT acquired the rights to cricket's 'Gillette Cup'. The MCC was furious when ITV interrupted play for ads and took the sport back to the BBC, prompting an ITV lawsuit.

The Sooty Show ended its run on BBC but was picked up and continued by Thames Television when it started in 1968.

In March 1967, the Ampex HS-100 colour video magnetic disc recorder was used for rapid playback in normal, slow or stop action at the ABC 'World Series of Skating' in Vail, Colorado, heralding the start of 'instant replay' on commercial television.

25th June The first worldwide live satellite programme, 'Our World', featuring the pop band 'The Beatles', was televised

1st July Experimental colour TV transmissions (625 lines) began on BBC Two, starting with the Wimbledon tennis championships

3rd July News At Ten was introduced by ITN. It was the first news bulletin to feature two newscasters, Alastair Burnet and Andrew Gardiner. It was also the first 30 minute news show on a major TV channel in the UK.

2nd December BBC2 became the first British TV channel to broadcast in colour

1968

CBS introduced EVR using film in a cassette. 20th Century Fox agreed to sell films in EVR but were to face growing competition from VCR formats introduced by RCA, Sony, Ampex and Avco.

30th July New ITV contracts took effect with LWT, Thames, and some other companies merging to create Thames Television

14th October TV pictures were transmitted live from inside Apollo 7

21st - 27th December The first live pictures of the Earth from the moon were transmitted during the Apollo VIII mission

1969

RCA demonstrated SelectaVision that played pre-recorded cassettes but did not record.

Sony introduced the first videocassette, the 3/4inch U-Matic one hour tape, available in the U.S. by 1971. For the first time, Sony allowed other manufacturers to sell machines that could play the tapes, setting the first world standard for the 3/4inch videocassette.

The last year of the decade saw the revival of an old classic - 'This Is Your Life' - by Thames Television. The show had previously run from 1953 to 1964 with exactly the same presenter - Eamonn Andrews.

21st February The first time that the interior of Buckingham Palace had been televised.

21st February The first time that the interior of No.10 Downing Street had been televised

19th March
The ITA transmission mast at Emley Moor collapsed due to guy failure caused by icing and high winds.

20th July ITV's first major ratings clash with the BBC came when the two organisations went 'head to head' with coverage of the first manned lunar landing. The tape of ITV's coverage has since been erased so it could be re-used, along with many other programmes of the 1960s.

19th - 20th September BBC News relocated from Alexandra Palace in North London to BBC Television Centre in West London

3rd October 'Hawaii Five-O' first shown on LWT. It starred Jack Lord, James MacArthur, Kam Fong, Richard Denning, Peggy Ryan and Linda Ryan.

15th November BBC1 started broadcasting in colour (simultaneous with rival ITV) and saw the first appearance of the blue on black mirror globe logo

15th November The first colour commercial - Bird's Eye peas - was shown by ATV Midlands at 10:05 a.m. during 'Thunderbirds'.
The same commercial was shown in the London area at 11:00 the same day at the start of their colour television transmissions.

25th December The last live broadcast of The Queen's Christmas message. All subsequent ones have been pre-recorded.




Sixties Television       Some Classic 'Missing' Television Programmes


A for Andromeda (BBC 1961) Only the last five minutes have survived.

Doctor Who The Tenth Planet episode 4 (BBC 1966) The last Hartnell adventure featuring the famous regeneration scene.

Out of the Unknown series 3 (BBC 1969) Only one episode has survived.

The Likely Lads (1964-66) Many episodes are missing, although some are gradually being discovered.

On the Margin (BBC 1966) Alan Bennett's musical comedy.

Till Death Us Do Part (1966-75) Many early shows are missing.

Juke Box Jury (1959-67) Only two episodes exist from the Sixties, but not the show where the panel of judges were The Beatles.

Thank Your Lucky Stars (ABC 1961-66) Virtually nothing has survived.

Sunday Night at the London Palladium
(ATV 1955-65) Very few editions have survived.
  Opportunity Knocks (ABC 1956-77) TV Debuts for many top artistes, but hardly any have been preserved.

The Moon Landing (July 1969) The live commentary by Patrick Moore and James Burke in the BBC studio (wiped).

News at Ten (ITN 3rd July 1967) The first ever edition.

A Tale of Two Cities (BBC 1965) Many other Sunday tea-time classics are also missing.

Emergency Ward 10 (ATV 1957-67) Very few have survived.

Jazz Goes to College (1966-67) The entire series is missing.

The Crucible (Granada 1959) Starring Sean Connery and Susannah York. This show exists, but minus the last 18 minutes.

Armchair Theatre productions:
No Tram to Lime Street (ABC 1959) Written by Alun Owen      A Suitable Case for Treatment (BBC 1962) Written by David Mercer
Madhouse on Castle Street (BBC 1963) featuring Bob Dylan    Message for Posterity (BBC 1967) Dennis Potter play





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